Antarctica is the Earth’s southernmost continent, encapsulating the South Pole. 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1.6km in thickness. It is considered a desert with annual precipitation of only 8 inches along the coast and far less inland. There are no permanent human residents though 1,000-5,000 people reside at research stations scattered across the continent. The Antarctic Treaty prohibits military activity and mineral mining, prohibits nuclear blasts, supports scientific research and protects the continent’s ecozone.
Sorrowful Mysteries: Intentions for Antarctica
1. That the continent provide rich data for scientific research.
2. That nations respect the terms of the Antarctic Treaty prohibiting military activity and mineral mining on the continent.
3. For the conservation of Antarctica’s biodiversity.
4. For nations to abide by the regulations managing all southern ocean fisheries, particularly the fishing of ‘Chilean Sea Bass’.
5. For nations to respect the continent’s neutrality.